Dr. Muhammad Qudrat-e-Khuda (Bengali: মুহম্মদ কুদরাত-ই-খুদা) (1900–1977) was a Bangladeshi scientist, an educationist and a writer. Born in village Margram of Birbhum district in West Bengal, Qudrat-e-Khuda received his early education from the Margram ME High School and Calcutta Woodburn ME School.
He passed the Matriculation examination from Calcutta Madrasa in 1918 in the First Division. In 1924 he obtained the MSc degree in Chemistry standing First in First Class, from Presidency College, Calcutta, and was awarded a gold medal for his brilliant result. Qudrat-e-Khuda also received a Premchand Roychand Studentship for higher research in Chemistry at Calcutta University. He obtained the DSc in 1929 from London University for his research entitled ‘Stainless Configuration of Multiplanmet Ring’.
Qudrat-e-Khuda played an important role in popularising Bangla for scientific practices. As such, he wrote a number of books on science and technology in Bangla including Vijnaner Saras Kahini (Interesting History of Science), Bigyaner Bichitra Kahini (Wonderful History of Science), Bigyaner Suchana (Origin of Science), Jaiba Rasayan (Organic Chemistry) in four volumes, Purba Pakistaner Shilpa Sambhabana (Industrial Potentiality of East Pakistan), Paramanu Parichiti (An Introduction to the Atom) and Vijnaner Pahela Katha (First Word of Science). Two Bangla science magazines ‘Purogami Vijnan’ (Pioneering Science; 1963) and ‘Vijnaner Joyyatra’ (The Victory of Science; 1972) were published under his auspices. He also wrote some religious books including Pabitra Quraner Puta Katha O Angari Jaoyara (The Holy Sayings of Quran and Angari Jaoyara). He played an active role in the liberation movement and helped in stimulating Bengali nationalism.
|Dr. Muhammad Qudrat-e-Khuda|
The Government of Pakistan awarded him the ‘Tamgha-e-Pakistan’ and ‘Sitara-e-Imtiaz’ in appreciation of his outstanding achievements. The Government of Bangladesh honoured him with ‘Ekushe Padak’ in 1976 and ‘Swadhinata Dibas Puraskar’ (Independence Day Award) in 1984 for his outstanding contributions in science and technology. Dhaka University conferred on him an honorary Doctorate degree for his outstanding contribution to science.
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